Install MariaDB using Helm#
In this lab you’ll install MariaDB and phpMyAdmin using Helm charts packaged by Bitnami. The lab uses MariaDB instead of Postgres because MariaDB is supported by the MyPHPAdmin application and Postgres is not. Helm charts make it easy to install whole applications that are ready to go. Bitnami packages applications with a lot of useful functionality. The postgres Helm chart has built in replication and autoscaling, making it perfect for large or small applications.
This process has three important steps:
Find the configuration values you need in the README file on GitHub and put them into the
Install the MariaDB Helm chart.
Install the phpMyAdmin Helm chart
Helm charts are configured by YAML files. The exact values depend on the Helm chart. This configuration is sufficient to get postgres working in your cluster:
# Configuration for postgres auth: rootPassword: test database: django username: test password: test # GKE Autopilot requires requests and limits. primary: resources: requests: memory: "512Mi" cpu: "500m" ephemeral-storage: "100Mi" limits: memory: "512Mi" cpu: "500m" ephemeral-storage: "100Mi"
Start by checking out how Helm works:
$ helm repo add bitnami https://charts.bitnami.com/bitnami $ helm install mariadb bitnami/mariadb --values deployment/values-mariadb.yaml --debug --dry-run
The last command generated the YAML files that will be applied to Kubernetes. You can see how much YAML you get for a small amount of configuration. Now install postgres:
$ helm install mariadb bitnami/mariadb --values deployment/values-mariadb.yaml
Watch the resources come up:
$ kubectl get all
Notice that a PVC is created:
$ kubectl get pvc
How can you check on and administer postgres? The phpMyAdmin chart makes it possible to connect to and look at tables in your postgres database. This is an admin tool that should never be exposed to the Internet so we have to make sure that we don’t ask for a load balancer. Check the GitHub page for the default service type. What is it?
$ helm install myadmin bitnami/phpmyadmin
Once the phpMyAdmin pod is running use port forwarding to make it possible to connect to your local machine:
$ kubectl port-forward service/myadmin-phpmyadmin 8000:80
Preview the application on port 8000
You should see a login prompt. Login with the values:
Server: The service name of MaraDB
These resources cost money! You may want to keep postgres for your project but you shouldn’t leave phpMyAdmin running when you’re not using it. If you want to reconfigure postgres with a different password you should remove and re-install it. For now let’s remove both:
$ helm uninstall helm-postgres $ helm uninstall myadmin
Helm does not remove the data! That’s precious. If you try to re-install postgres with a different password the old data will cause a failure.
Remove the DB by deleting the PVC:
$ kubectl delete pvc/data-helm-postgres-0