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Lesson 03: Deploying Windows


Objectives
  • Understand the Windows 7 mass deployment process. 
  • Install and use the deployment tools provided by Microsoft. 
  • Capture image files.
  • Modify image files.
  • Deploy image files.
Skills
  • Install the reference computer. 
  • Prepare the reference computer.
  • Create a Windows PE boot disk.
  • Capture the image file using ImageX.exe.
Vocabulary

answer file
An XML script that provides the Windows 7 Setup program with the information it needs to perform an unattended operating system installation.

build-to-order (BTO)
A type of image deployment, supported by Windows 7 Automated Installation Kit, in which administrators use an answer file to build the reference computer, deploy the resulting image on the target computers, and then boot the computers in audit mode to make further customizations.

build-to-plan (BTP)
A type of image deployment, supported by Windows 7 Automated Installation Kit, in which administrators build the reference computer using an answer file and create an image, which they deploy to the target workstations unaltered. 

capture image
A type of Windows Deployment Services image file that enables a computer to boot, capture an image of the local disk, and upload the image to a WDS server on the network.

configuration passes
A series of phases in the Windows 7 installation process. When you configure elements in an answer file, Windows SIM adds them to specific configuration passes, which dictate when in the installation process the setup program will configure that element. 

Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM.exe)
A command line tool, included with Windows 7 and Windows 7 Automated Installation Kit, that you can use to mount, view, and modify Windows Imaging files in their online or offline state.

discover image
A type of Windows Deployment Services image file that enables computers without PXE-compliant network adapters to boot from a removable medium and access the WDS server over the network.

image file
A type of archive file format that contains a copy of the data stored on a computer’s disk or disks. 

ImageX.exe
A command line tool, included in the Windows 7 Automated Installation Kit, which enables administrators to capture and service Windows Imaging files.

multicasting
An IP communication method that transmits data to multiple destinations simultaneously, conserving network bandwidth in the process.

reference computer
A computer that administrators use as a model from which to create customized Windows Imaging files.

System Preparation (Sysprep.exe)
A command line program, included in Windows 7 and Windows 7 Automated Installation Kit, that installers use to prepare Windows 7 computers for imaging, auditing, and deployment. 

task sequence
A collection of scripts, created by the Deployment Workbench tool in Microsoft Deployment Toolkit 2010, that automates an entire operating system deployment, including pre- and post-installation tasks.

User State Migration Tool (USMT)
A set of two command line programs, Scanstate.exe and Loadstate.exe, which installers use to save user profile data from an existing workstation and restore that data to a newly-installed computer running Windows 7.

Windows System Image Manager (SIM)
A graphical tool, included in Windows 7 Automated Installation Kit, which enables administrators to create properly formatted XML answer files for unattended operating system installations. 

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