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Lesson 01: Introducing Windows 7

Learning Objectives
  • List the new features in Windows 7.
  • Name the various editions of Windows 7, their intended markets, and the differences between them.
  • Understand the Windows 7 system requirements.
  • Determine whether an existing computer is capable of running Windows 7.
  • Explain the upgrade paths to Windows 7.
  • Describe the modular architecture of Windows 7.
  • Perform a clean installation.
  • Upgrade to Windows 7 from previous versions of Windows.

Action Center 
An interactive information console in Windows 7 that replaces the Windows Vista Security Center. The name change is due to the fact that, in addition to security notifications, Action Center also displays alerts generated by other Windows 7 applications and services, including backups and problem reports. 

Aero Peek 
A new feature of the Aero user interface that, when you mouse over the right end of the taskbar, causes Windows 7 to render all of the windows on the desktop transparent, enabling you to see any gadgets on the desktop underneath. 

Aero Shake 
A new feature of the Aero user interface that, when you shake a window back and forth, causes Windows 7 to automatically minimize all of the windows other than the one you are shaking.

Aero Snap 
A new feature of the Aero user interface that causes Windows 7 to automatically maximize a window when you drag it to the top of the screen.

A wide area network caching feature, new to Windows 7, which enables computers at branch offices to maintain copies of files stored on remote servers, so that when other users need those files, they can access them locally.

A remote connection technology, new to Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, which enables clients to connect invisibly to remote servers without the need to manually establish a connection or authenticate a user account.

federated search 
A new type of search in Windows 7 that enables users to perform searches on Windows SharePoint sites, intranets, and specific Internet sites, right from the Windows Explorer interface.

jump list 
A context-sensitive menu that displays the most frequently used functions of an icon on the taskbar or in the Start menu. 

A term used to describe how the modular architecture of Windows 7 keeps all language-specific code in separate, relatively small modules that users can easily add to an existing installation. This eliminates the need for Microsoft to provide complete versions of the operating system in different languages.

A new file system feature in Windows 7 that enables users to aggregate files on multiple computers into a single folder that makes them appear as though they are all on a local drive.

The common core module of Windows 7, which contains approximately 95 percent of the operating system functionality. 

Problem Steps Recorder 
A Windows 7 tool that enables users and administrators to document the process that generated an error by tracking mouse movements and compiling a log of all actions leading up to the error. 

A feature first introduced in Windows Vista that enables the operating system to use the storage space on a USB flash drive as additional system memory. ReadyBoost uses a flash drive to store the SuperFetch cache, thereby freeing up the system memory where the cache would ordinarily be preloaded. Windows 7 supports larger ReadyBoost caches and can use up to eight external strorage devices simultaneously.

Starter GPOs 
Administrative templates with preconfigured settings that administrators can use as a baseline for creating new Group Policy objects. 

VPN Reconnect 
A new virtual private networking feature that enables a Windows 7 VPN client to automatically and invisibly reconnect to a Windows Server 2008 R2 VPN server, should the connection be broken for any reason. 

Wake on Wireless LAN 
A type of network packet filter that enables a computer in sleep mode to wake up on receipt of a specific message (called a magic packet) over a wireless network connection.

Windows PowerShell 2.0 
An improved version of the scripting engine and command line language for all of the Windows operating systems. Using native commands and add-on modules, administrators can use Windows PowerShell 2.0 to perform almost any task from a command prompt. PowerShell also functions as a rich scripting language, enabling administrators to automate tasks and create logon and startup scripts.